The Calendar Sticks of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A Record of Time and Culture

Calendar sticks found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands recorded a variety of information, including:

  • Luni-solar calendar: The calendar sticks were used to track the lunar and solar cycles, which were important for agriculture, fishing, and other activities.
  • Agricultural seasons: The calendar sticks also indicated the different agricultural seasons, such as planting, harvesting, and fishing seasons.
  • Significant events: The calendar sticks were also used to record significant events, such as births, deaths, and marriages.
  • Astronomical events: The calendar sticks also recorded astronomical events, such as the solstices, equinoxes, and eclipses.

The calendar sticks were typically made of hardwood, such as ironwood or rosewood. They were carved with a variety of symbols, such as notches, circles, and triangles. The symbols represented different aspects of the calendar, such as the lunar and solar cycles, the agricultural seasons, and significant events.

The calendar sticks were used by the indigenous people of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands for thousands of years. They were an important part of their culture and way of life.

Here are some specific examples of the information that was recorded on calendar sticks from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands:

  • The Nicobar calendar stick: This calendar stick was used by the Nicobarese people to track the lunar and solar cycles. It was also used to indicate the different agricultural seasons, such as planting, harvesting, and fishing seasons.
  • The Great Andamanese calendar stick: This calendar stick was used by the Great Andamanese people to record the lunar and solar cycles, as well as significant events, such as births, deaths, and marriages.
  • The Jarawa calendar stick: This calendar stick was used by the Jarawa people to track the lunar and solar cycles, as well as astronomical events, such as the solstices, equinoxes, and eclipses.
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The calendar sticks from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a valuable source of information about the culture and way of life of the indigenous people of these islands. They also provide us with a unique glimpse into the way that ancient people thought about the world around them.

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